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What’s the difference

between Shrine and Temple?

神社とお寺の違いを教えて? 

A simple way to distinguish,this is if there is a guard frame, called Torii(鳥居), in the entrance or not. A shrine has a Torii, and a temple doesn’t have it. Tori is a gate, which is composed of two wooden pillars supported by two horizontal wooden bars. You often find the bright red colored Torii, but there are also white colored ones, or ones made of stone.“Yasukuni-Jinja”, “Izumo-Taisya” and “Meiji-Jingu" are well known shrines in Japan. Shrines are generally called”Jinja, but as mentioned above, some shrines are often 
called ,“Taisya” ” Jingu” or “Miya”.Meanwhile, a temple also has a gate but this is different, instead of a Torii gate in a shrine.For example, the statue of Nio(仁王)guardians placed on the right and left side of some temple’s gates. And you can see a statue of Buddha and a five-storied pagoda and a incense burner inside the temple ground. Temples are generally called”Tera” , but same as shrines, some of them are called another way, like “Ji “,“In”,”An” or “Bou” such as “Sensou-Ji” and “Byodo-In”, which are the representative Japanese temples.A shrine is based on Shintoism which is the belief at deities, Japanese gods, inhabit both heaven and earth.This is he indigenous religion.A temple is based on Buddhism,which was brought from China, India and then a statue of Buddha is enshrined.Another difference is that in a shrine, you can’t see an object to depict the gods or sprits(depending on regions, individual elements and items are worshiped), when you pray to worship.They can’t be shown as sacred things. But in Buddhism, you can pray to worship by seeing the principal object of Buddha in a temple.Another difference is that death is avoided as a taboo in Shintoism in the shrine.Therefore, shinto ceremonies and rituals, such as celebration birth, as weddings, the blessing of children, etc, take place in shrines.On the other hand, Buddhism teaches enlightened form, death is not the end of life, and the religion of spiritual matters and temples usually host funerals and graves are pound in temples where you pray for your ancestors.Many Japanese people have accepted both religions or the other religions.
You often feel some power in the serene atmosphere.When you visit a shrine or temple,you can find something with solemn feelings.

簡単な見分け方は、入口に鳥居があるかないか。ある方が神社で、ない方がお寺です。鳥居とは、2本の垂直な柱のてっぺんを2本の横木でつないでいる門のこと。朱色に塗られている場合が多いですが、白いものや石で作られているものもあります。有名なところでいうと靖国神社、出雲大社、明治神宮など。このように「神社」以外に「宮」「神宮」「大社」という名前がついている場合もあります。鳥居がない方お寺の入り口には門があって、仁王像が左右に飾られていたり、境内に仏像や境内に五重の塔、香炉があります。「寺」も「院」「庵」「坊」という名前がついていることがあります。浅草寺、平等院などが有名です。神社は神道に属していて、日本の神様が祀られ、お寺は中国・インドといった外国から伝わった仏教に属し仏様が祀られています。また、神社では参拝する時に御神体を拝み見ることが出来ませんが、寺院では御本尊を拝み見てお祈りを捧げることが出来るのも違う点です。また、神道では死は最大のタブーとされているので、神社では生にまつわる儀式、お宮参り、七五三など現世に関わるものが行われます。仏教では死は生の苦しみから逃れて悟りを得る道と教えているので、お寺では葬式のように死にまつわる儀式が行われること多く、お墓があるのもお寺なのです。日本人はいろいろな神様を信じています。神の宿る場所はそれぞれに荘厳な風景の中に不思議なパワーを感じることができるので、厳かな気持ちで訪ねてみてください。