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外国人の方は、日本人はなにかとペコペコと頭を下げるというイメージを持っているはず。日本人の真似をする時にもよく使われますよね。確かに、日本人は頭をよく下げますが、これはあいさつの礼儀のひとつ。実は、お辞儀にもいろいろスタイルがあります。
お辞儀のやり方を説明します。
1.まずは姿勢を正して立ち、相手の目を見ます。その後、背中がまるくならないように気を付けてこしを曲げていきます。手は、身体の横につけるか、身体の前で手を揃えておきましょう。
2.こしを曲げる角度の深さによって意味が変わります。
45度→さいけいれい(とても重要な人に対して)
30度→けいれい(大切な人に対して)
15度→えしゃく(気軽な挨拶)
3.曲げた姿勢で数秒キープします!
相手に頭を下げつつ「ありがとうござます」「お世話になっております」と言葉を添えて気持ちを伝えることを日本人は大切にしていす。ただし、あまりにも深く頭を下げ過ぎると怪しい人になってしまいますにゃ。

Why do Japanese people bow so often?

なんで、日本人はすぐに頭を下げるの? 

You must have the impression that Japanese people bow whenever they do something or say something.It tends to be imitated or showed as a typical Japanese character in some situations like movies .This is true. Japanese people often bow , because it is one of the important manners and a ritual of greeting for Japanese.As it is, there are some different styles of bow. 
Let me show you how to bow properly.
1.First of all, make your posture straight and maintain eye contact with the person you bow to.
2.Place your hands at your side or join them low in front of your body.Then bend down from your waist, and be careful not to round your backat that time.
The three types of bows below are classified with different meanings depending on the depth of bending down, 
45 degree →さいけいれい/Saikeirei bow
(the most polite way at very an important situation)
30 degree→けいれい/Keirei bow
(polite greeting at a respectful situation)
15 degree→えしゃく/Eshaku bow
(casual greeting at a daily situation)
3.After bending down, keep the posture for a few seconds!
Japanese people value expressing your feelings with a bow,
and it puts into words feelings like "Thank you" 
" I'm happy to work with you" , in a more polite way.
But bending down too much goes too far! Don't become an odd person ! Meow